Al Capone’s Miami: Paradise or Purgatory?


Capone_coverMost have heard of Alphonse Gabriele “Al” Capone, also known as “Scarface,” who rose to become the undisputed king of the Chicago mob during the Prohibition era. Mostknow he became one of America’s most infamous gangsters and earned the moniker Public Enemy Number One.

His connection to New York and Chicago crime families along with his committing assorted murders, running of gambling dens, whorehouses, and speakeasies is legendary and readily acknowledged in myriad books, documentaries, and TV shows. But few know about his time in Florida, especially South Florida. It is here he bought a home in Miami Beach, spent time before and after his imprisonment in Alcatraz, ran several illegal businesses, enjoyed the rich Miami Beach nightlife, entertained the famous and infamous alike, was harrassed by local residents and law enforcement, and was arrested several times. It is also here he eventually died.

This book will be an  in-depth account of that time and will include stories never before published. If you would like to receive notification when this book is available, please sign up to become a Preferred Reader.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

New “Let’s Talk Prohibition” Page

Check out my new “Let’s Talk Prohibition” page. A way for you to comment on one of America’s most infamous eras.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

The Notorious Ashley Gang

The Ashley Gang

The Ashley Gang

The Ashley Gang was a notorious band of robbers and murderers that ran roughshod over South Florida during the Prohibition era. Many of the gang was from the same family. They concentrated on robbing banks, but when Prohibition started they began pirating illegal booze from rum runners and escaping into the Everglades where John Ashley’s girlfriend, Laura Upthegrove, known as Queen of the Everglades, had a hideout.

Learn more about this notorious band of killers, their escapades during Prohibition, and how they met their demise, in the book Run the Rum In.

Posted in Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Rum Runners vs the Coast Guard

The Coast Guard encounter a rum runner

The Coast Guard had been handed a formidable task—halt the smuggling of liquor into the U.S. In the early years of Prohibition, the U.S. Coast Guard was significantly understaffed and ill equipped with an assortment of patrol boats, launches, harbor tugs and small craft capable of top speed of only about 12 knots (just under 14 mph).

Knowing this, rumrunners ran routes to Florida during the day with virtual impunity. While the Coast Guard added boats, staff and a spotter plane with some effectiveness, nighttime efforts to reel in the smugglers stalled.

To avoid capture, rumrunners were constantly inventing new methods to outsmart and out maneuver the Coast Guard. Initially, they developed “Bimini boats,” large cargo boats with shallow drafts. These boats could easily maneuver in the Florida mangrove swamps and inlets where Coast Guard boats with deeper drafts could not venture.

Another tactic the smugglers used to evade the law was to enhance the boat’s performance by installing Liberty airplane engines. Bird and Wallace King, sons of Edwin Thomas King who established King and Sons Boatyard, the first boatyard in Ft. Lauderdale, were intimately involved in this endeavor. Jimmy Bryan, former supervisor of marine facilities for Ft. Lauderdale, said Bird King used to sell a lot of boats to rumrunners: “They used to put power in them – 450 horse Liberty airplane engines – and for that period of time they were very fast.”

One of the most creative tactics employed by a rummie involved the vessel Louise . . .

Learn more about how rumrunners evaded the law and how the Coast Guard caught some of the most notorious rummies in Run the Rum In.


Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Smuggler’s Tales

Al Hasis Tending Bar at Cap’s Place

It was the Roaring Twenties. The Volstead Act (Prohibition) put an end to Grandpa’s after-work gin and tonic and Great Aunt Milli’s Manhattan at her private country club. Yet imbibers of hard liquors would not be denied.

In Chicago, Al Capone, one of the nation’s most notorious gangsters, raked in millions smuggling alcohol and opening underground saloons and gambling joints called speakeasies. To the south, the banished booze distilled in the Caribbean flowed freely into South Florida, turning family beaches from Miami to West Palm Beach into dangerous and clandestine ports of call.

more . . .

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

William “Bill” McCoy – The Real McCoy

William "Bill" McCoy

William “Bill” McCoy was born in Syracuse, New York in 1877. As a young boy, his father often entranced him with tales of naval war stores from his Civil War service. Upon moving to Philadelphia, McCoy recalled: “I started nosing about the wharves on the Delaware [River] as instinctively as a bird dog ranges a stubble field.” After an initial two years of training aboard the Saratoga, a school ship used to train sailors, he spent several years on steamships as part of the merchant marine.

McCoy was a tall man, almost 6 feet 2 inches, with broad shoulders and a tapered waist. He had steady eyes and was described as having a voice like a “fog horn.” In 1900, he moved to Florida where he and his brother Ben built boats on the banks of the Halifax River in Holly Hill, just a few short miles north of Daytona Beach.

The Uncle Sam built in 1903,was used as an excursion boat on the Tomoka River. While the brothers continued to build boats, they also operated freight and passenger service between Daytona and St. Augustine and went as far south as Palm Beach. But boat passenger service slowed as motorized buses replaced water travel, and by 1920, their boat building business slowed to a trickle.

Approached by a rumrunner with an offer of $100 a day to sail a boatload of illegal liquor from the Bahamas to the United States, the McCoys turned down the offer. But eyeing the potentially lucrative opportunity for themselves, the brothers sold all their small boats and bought the Henry L. Marshall, which they sailed to the Bahamas. Built of white oak, when loaded the 90-foot fishing schooner could carry 1,500 cases of crated liquor, or 3,000 cases in burlap bags. So began Bill McCoy’s smuggling career.

More . . .

Posted in Prohibition | 2 Comments

Documentary – Prohibition and the South Florida Connection

On Friday, November 4, at 9:00 P.M. WLRN (PBS TV in Miami) aired the documentary “Prohibition and the South Florida Connection.”

Steve Waxman did a fabulous job of producing this intriguing story using Run the Rum In as a catalyst for the film. I went on board as associate producer.

Check online listings for additional airings.

Posted in Prohibition | 4 Comments

Nassau – Wall Street of the Illegal Booze Trade

Nassau During Prohibition

When one walked down the streets of Nassau during the Prohibition era, he or she saw store fronts, like shoe or clothing stores, crowding the streets.  Dangling signs touted the distillary or supplier the proprietor  represented, and inside deals were struck with signatures on a dotted line.  Money, stacks of it, passed from buyer to proprietor all with the purpose of running illegal booze into the U.S.

Just outside Nassau, several 30-foot by 50-foot barges floated on a blue-green bay. It was there schooners, loaded with liquor from English distilleries, docked and discharged their liquid cargo. Bahamian workers, both men and women, carried the cases off the schooners, and with nimble fingers, repackaged the bottles in sacks of six bottles each wrapped in straw.  Called “hams,” these were then loaded onto 25-foot motorboats equipped with powerful engines and capable of carrying 400 cases in one haul. They were bound for Florida.

More . . .

Posted in Prohibition | Leave a comment

Marie Waite – Fascinating Women of the Prohibition Era

While it is true the Prohibition era was dominated by men, the truth is, there were several women, some famous and some infamous, some on the side of the law and some outside the law, that played very prominent roles. This is one of them.

Marie Waite – “Spanish Marie”

It was said Marie Waite fell heir to the rum running business when her husband’s corpse washed ashore on Biscayne Bay in 1926. Charlie Waite, known as “king of the rum runners,” had been killed in a shootout with the Coast Guard.

Known as “Spanish Marie,” she set up shop in Havana where she “ruthlessly ruled a little rum running empire.” As a savvy businesswoman and formidable female admiral, she eventually became the controlling principle in the illicit booze trade from Havana to Key West. She commanded a flotilla of fifteen contact boats, the fastest in the business, and ran booze along Florida’s southern coast from Palm Beach to Key West.

More . . .

Posted in Fascinating Women of the Prohibition Era, Prohibition | Leave a comment

Elizebeth Friedman – Fascinating Women of Prohibition

While it is true the Prohibition era was dominated by men, the truth is, there were several women, some famous and some infamous, some on the side of the law and some outside the law, that played very prominent roles. This is one of them.

Radio Communications and Cryptology 

In the early days of the war on liquor, the Coast Guard located smuggling vessels by cruising until they were sighted. But when the syndicates entered the picture bringing with them money to install larger engines and radio communication, things got interesting.

In 1924, the Coast Guard set up shore radio stations along the east coast of the U.S. from Nahant, Massachusetts to Fort Lauderdale, Florida, to better communicate with ships at sea. To counter this, more rum ships became radio-equipped. This resulted in the necessary establishment of clandestine radio stations on shore by the rummies. Both organizations communicated to their respective organizations by code.

Elizebeth Friedman, Cryptologist

Lt. Frank M. Meals, a telegraph operator and radioman, was given the task of preparing a suitable code for use strictly by the Coast Guard. Teamed up with Robert T. Brown and the Army’s Chief Cryptanalyst, Maj. William F. Friedman and his wife, Elizebeth, they produced the Coast Guard’s first official code book. William Friedman, the leading cryptologist of his time, became known as the father of modern Army cryptology. Elizebeth went on to establish quite a reputation in her own right.

Elizebeth’s first paid position was at Riverbank, the only facility in the U.S. seriously capable of solving enciphered messages. In 1923, the U.S. Navy employed her as a cryptanalyst where she led the cryptanalytic effort against international smuggling and drug-running radio and encoded messages, which the runners began to use extensively to conduct their operations.

While working for the Coast Guard during the Prohibition era, she decoded over 12,000 rum-runners’ messages. In 1933 her efforts resulted in convictions against thirty-five bootlegging ringleaders found to have violated the Volstead Act. These ringleaders were later linked directly to suspected vessels as a result of the information arising out of her analysis.

Elizebeth’s cryptology efforts went on to convict one of WWIIs most notorious spies, Velvalee Dickinson, whose business correspondence contained encoded messages addressing significant naval vessel movement in Pearl Harbor. During the post-World War II period, Elizebeth became a consultant to and created communications security systems for the International Monetary Fund.

Click here to order a copy of Run the Rum In, which includes  more fascinating stories about South Florida during the Prohibition era.

Next time we’ll take a look at Marie Waite, known as “Spanish Marie,” one of Prohibition’s most notorious and brazen female rumrunners.


Posted in Fascinating Women of the Prohibition Era, Prohibition | 2 Comments